Kimana wetlands in Kenya near the Tanzanian border that have been recently converted to agricultural use.
The Vetenskapsrådet (VR, Swedish Research Council) in association with Sida and Formas has funded a multiyear project titled ‘Adaptation & Resilience to Climate Change‘ that runs parallel and has overlapping focal areas to the REAL project. The grant forms part of the VR/Sida/Formas Sustainability and resilience – Tackling climate and environmental change research programme. The project is lead by Paul Lane at Uppsala University and involves Anneli Ekblom (Uppsala University), Linus Munishi (Nelson Mendela African Institute of Science and Technology, Arusha), and Rob Marchant (York). Claudia Capitani (NM-AIST and Univeristy of York) and Colin Courtney-Mustaphi (Uppsala University and University of York) will be spearheading new projects, participatory events, and outreach components in the coming years focused in and around northwest Tanzania, including Serengeti National Park.
Dr. Linus Munishi (Nelson Mandela University AIST)
Dr. Rebecca Kariuki (Nelson Mandela University AIST)
Esther Omodanisi (KITE, University of York)
The project has multiple phases:
1) collation of published and new palaeoenvironmental and archaeological datasets from northwest Tanzania as an extension of the PAGES Global Landcover6k initiative.
2) participatory stakeholder workshops to identify local drivers of change and future trajectories
3) a modelling framework for projecting future land use and land cover changes.
We are now in the planning phase to delimit knowledge gap regions for new palaeoenvironmental and archaeological datasets useful to multiple scientific disciplines (social sciences, modern ecology, landscape geomorphology) and to define stakeholder and public locations for participatory mapping and assessment of local trajectories of landscape change. Please contact us if you are interested in participating in workshops or for collaborating in overlapping projects!
Boles O, Courtney-Mustaphi C, Richer S, Marchant R. 2018. Joining the dots of land-use and land-cover change in Eastern Africa. PAGES Past Global Changes Magazine 26(1), p.16-17.
Beale CM, Courtney Mustaphi CJ, Morrison TA, Archibald S, Anderson TM, Dobson AP, Donaldson JE, Hempson GP, Probert J, Parr CL. 2018. Pyrodiversity interacts with rainfall to increase bird and mammal richness in African savannas. Ecology Letters 21(4): 557–567.
Githumbi E, Kariuki R, Shoemaker A, Courtney Mustaphi C, Chuhila M, Richer S, Lane P, Marchant R. 2018. Pollen, people and place: paleoenvironmental, archaeological, and ecological perspectives on vegetation change in the Amboseli landscape, Kenya. Frontiers in Earth Science 5 Article 113: 1-26. DOI: 10.3389/feart.2017.00113
Aleman, J.C., Hennebelle, A., Vannière, B., Blarquez, O., the Global Paleofire Working Group. 2018. Sparking New Opportunities for Charcoal-Based Fire History Reconstructions. Fire 1(1), 7. DOI: 10.3390/fire1010007
Marchant R, Richer S, Boles O, Capitani C, Courtney-Mustaphi C, Lane P, Prendergast M, Stump D, Wynne-Jones S, Ferro Vázquez C, Wright D, Boivin N, Lang C, Kay A, Phelps L, Fuller D, Widgren M, Punwong P, Lejju J, Gaillard-Lemdahl M-J, Morrison KD, Kaplan J, Benard J, Crowther A, Cuní-Sanchez A, de Cort G, Deere N, Ekblom A, Farmer J, Finch J, Gillson L, Githumbi E, Kabora T, Kariuki R, Kinyanjui R, Kyazike E, Muiruri V, Mumbi C, Muthoni R, Muzuka A, Ndiema E, Nzabandora C, Olago D, Onjala D, Pas Schrijver A, Petek N, Platts PJ, Rucina S, Shoemaker A, Thornton-Barnett S, van der Plas G, Watson L, Williamson D. 2018. Drivers and trajectories of land cover change in East Africa: human and environmental interactions from 6000 years ago to present. Earth-Science Reviews 178: 322-378.
Githumbi EN*, Courtney Mustaphi CJ*, Yun KJ, Muiruri V, Rucina SM, Marchant R. Accepted Dec 2017. Late Holocene wetland transgression and 500 years of vegetation and fire variability in the semi-arid Amboseli landscape, southern Kenya. Ambio – A Journal of the Human Environment. *equal contribution
Pfeifer M, Andrew B, Calders K, Cayuela L, Courtney-Mustaphi C, Cuní-Sanchez A, Deere N, Denu D, Gonsamo A, Gonzalez de Tanago J, Hayward R, Lau A, Macia MJ, Marchant R, Ledo A, Marshall AR, Olivier P, Paine CET, Pellikka P, Hamidu S, Shirima D, Trevithick R, Wedeux B, Wheeler C, Woodgate W, Platts PJ. 2018. Tropical forest canopies and their relationships with climate and disturbance – results from a global dataset of consistent field-based measurements. Forest Ecosystems 5: 7. doi: 10.1186/s40663-017-0118-7
Hamidu AS, Shirima DD, Courtney Mustaphi CJ, Marchant R, Munishi PKT. 2017. The impact of land use and land cover change on biodiversity within and adjacent Kibasira Swamp in Kilombero valley, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology.
Courtney Mustaphi CJ, Gajewski K, Marchant R, Rosqvist G. 2017. A late Holocene pollen record from proglacial Oblong Tarn, Mount Kenya. PLOS One 12(9): e0184925. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184925 [Data available from open access Harvard Dataverse]
Marchant R, Courtney-Mustaphi C, Githumbi E. 2017. Entangled ecosystem-people-animal interactions: perspectives from East African savannas. Past Global Changes Magazine (PAGES), 25(2), 80–81. DOI:10.22498/pages.25.2.80
Lane, P.J., IN PRESS 2017. Domesticating East African landscapes – substantive data, theoretical frameworks and roles for archaeology in sustainable development. In N. Sanz and J-P. Vielle-Calzada (eds.) The Origin and Evolution of Food Production and its Impact on Consumption Patterns. Mexico City & Paris: UNESCO.
Lane, P.J. and Shoemaker, A. 2017. Interdisciplinary perspectives on precolonial sub-Saharan African farming and herding communities. In T. Spear (ed.) Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. New York: Oxford University Press (online publication). doi: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190277734.013.7
Eriksson, O., Ekblom, A., Lane, P.J., Lennartsson, T., and Lindholm, K-J. 2017. Developing an integrative conceptual framework for historical ecology: Niche construction and landscape domestication. In C. Crumley, T. Lennartsson and A. Westin (eds.) Essays in Historical Ecology: Is There a Future without the Past? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 145-181.